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Canine Care & Prevention

From canine-specific grooming tips to parasite prevention to facts about vaccination, Purina offers a wide range of professional knowledge, advice and expertise.

Canine Care & Prevention

From canine-specific grooming tips to parasite prevention to facts about vaccination, Purina offers a wide range of professional knowledge, advice and expertise.

Exercising With Your Dog

Exercising with your dog not only strengthens the bond you two share, it also helps control his weight and maintain a healthy heart, lungs and muscles.

As you exercise with your dog, consider his needs and present physical condition. Leisurely walks may be best for an older dog while a young dog has ample energy for a vigorous exercise program.

If your dog has more energy to expend than you do, teach him to fetch a ball or a flying disc. The activity may be just right for you and a challenging exercise for your dog.

If, for whatever reason, you have not exercised your dog regularly and decide to launch a regular exercise program, go slow at first. Begin with short periods of activity at slow speeds and gradually increase the time, speed and distance.

Begin walking or running your dog on soft surfaces such as dirt, sand or grass until its pads toughen.

Keeping your dog on a leash gives you control when walking or running.

Avoid exercising your dog immediately before or after he’s eaten. A full stomach may cause digestive upsets. Provide only small amounts of water before and directly after exercise.

Weather conditions are an important consideration as you exercise your pet. Dogs can suffer from frostbite and heat stroke just as people do. If you walk your dog in the snow, be sure to wipe the paw pads to remove any snow and ice buildup or possible salt that may have gotten caught. Remember that your dog’s feet can be damaged by hot asphalt during the summer.

If you walk your dog in wooded areas during the summer, check his eyes, haircoat and feet for foxtail, seeds and dirt. Also check carefully for ticks. Dogs with short, smooth haircoats may require the warmth of a dog coat or sweater when they go outside during cold weather.

Check with local authorities to find out what local laws allow. Your police department or animal control department can tell you more about laws in your municipality.

As you walk your dog, train him to walk at your side to help control him so he won’t jump on children, other dogs or adults, frightening them or possibly injuring them.

If your dog has a history of medical problems, work with your veterinarian to plan an appropriate exercise program. Whatever exercise program you pursue, remember that your dog loves to spend time with you and you can make that time special.

Dog Exercise Checklist

Exercising with your Dog Checklist

Keeping your dog fit through exercise helps them lead happier, healthier lives. Here are a few tips to get you started:

  • Energetic dogs do best with a fun, high-energy activity like fetching a ball or a flying disc.
  • Leisurely walks may be best for an older dog.
  • Go slow. For dogs who haven’t exercised regularly, start out slow and work your way up with the intensity of their activities.
  • Start easy. Begin walking or running your dog on soft surfaces such as dirt, sand or grass until his pads toughen.
  • Easy boy. Avoid exercising your dog immediately before or after he’s eaten.
  • Watch the weather—hot or cold. The summer sun can cause dehydration, or worse heat stroke. Be sure your dog has easy access to water all day, every day!
  • Keep an eye out. Dogs can pick up foxtail, seeds dirt and ticks so be sure to check their eyes, coat, and feet.
  • Mind your manners! Train your dog to walk at your side to help control them from jumping on children, other dogs or adults.
  • Be safe. Talk to your veterinarian before starting any new exercise program.

Maintaining Healthy Dog Weight

Dog owners can take several different steps to help control their dog’s weight.

The first is to cut back on treats and snacks. These are generally high in calories and may contribute to weight gain.

The second step can be to feed less of the regular dog food. This usually means measuring the amount of food that’s put into the dog’s dish to prevent the serving size from increasing over time. Remember that the suggesting serving amount on the package of dog food is a guideline based on average dogs. An individual dog may need less, or more, than the average amount.

Third, owners can increase a dog’s exercise with additional walks or playtime each day. This may help the owner as well as the dog, and has the additional benefit of increasing the amount of time the dog and owner spend together.

Finally, a dog owner could consider switching to a low-calorie food. These products are designed to allow an owner to serve a nice-size portion while still reducing the calories the dog eats. It is always a good idea to consult with a veterinarian before putting a dog on a weight-loss program. The veterinarian can help tailor a weight-loss program for an individual dog and can track progress and help troubleshoot along the way. 

Learn more about our dog food ingredients and AAFCO dog food nutrient profiles.